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Except as otherwise expressly stated, we make our content available under the Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 license (the License). This essentially means that you may reproduce or redistribute our works without our permission, on the condition that you (1) appropriately attribute any work so used to NPC Observer and any identified author or authors; (2) do not use the work for commercial purposes; and (3) do not share any material adapted from the work, unless permitted by us in writing. For the avoidance of doubt, the License does not apply to any work on the Site that is ineligible for copyright protection under the applicable law, or to any unlicensed use of our content that is otherwise permitted by the applicable limitations or exceptions to copyright.

The foregoing summary is not, and should not be construed as, a substitute for the full terms and conditions of the License itself, which you should review carefully before using our content and which are hereby incorporated into this Notice by reference. If you are uncertain whether your planned use of our content is permitted by the License, please contact us.


Any general legal information on the Site is provided for educational or informational purposes only. It does not constitute legal advice and should not be treated as such. You should not act or refrain from acting based on any such information without first seeking legal counsel in the relevant jurisdiction.

All information on the Site is provided without any representations or warranties, express or implied, including, without limitation, any warranty or representation that the information will be constantly available, or available at all, or is true, accurate, complete, current, or non-misleading. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk.